Research Article | Volume: 3, Issue: 12, December, 2013

High-potency Anti-influenza Therapy by a Combination of Echinacea purpurea fresh herb and root tinctures

Vimalanathan Selvarani Schoop Roland Hudson James   

Open Access   

Published:  Dec 30, 2013

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2013.31201

The medicinal plant Echinacea purpurea (EP) contains potent antiviral and anti-inflammatory activities, which are believed to be responsible for the efficacy of such preparations in the treatment of colds and flu. To determine to what extent the processes of drying, composition and extraction could affect this efficacy, different parts of fresh and dried EP plants: herb, root, flower heads and petals, were separately extracted and evaluated for activity against Influenza virus. Maximal activity was obtained from freshly extracted herb, while root extracts showed no such activity. The observed antiviral activity did not correlate with the total dry mass, or the cichoric acid, rutoside, total phenols or alkylamide content. The latter however appears to be responsible for the anti-inflammatory effects of the root extracts. Thus, the parallel extraction of antiviral and anti-inflammatory substances from fresh EP herb and root could represent an optimized combination for the treatment of influenza infections.

Keyword:     Echinacea purpurea influenza virus antiviral anti-inflammatory extraction dried & fresh herb.


Vimalanathan Selvarani, Schoop Roland, Hudson James. Highpotency Anti-Influenza Therapy by a Combination of Echinacea purpurea fresh herb and root tinctures. J App Pharm Sci, 2013; 3 (12): 001-005.

Copyright:The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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