Research Article | Volume: 6, Issue: 5, May, 2016

GC-MS Compositional Analysis of Essential Oil of Leaf and Fruit Rind of Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr. from Coastal Karnataka, India

D. Anupama Prasad B. Rajendra Prasad D. Krishna Prasad Puneeth Shetty K. N. Sunil Kumar   

Open Access   

Published:  May 28, 2016

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2016.60511

Essential oils derived from plants by hydro distillation possess several medicinal properties. Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr. fruit is nutritive, cardiotonic, refrigerant, in stomach troubles, puerperal sepsis and insanity; while leaves are useful in epilepsy, chorea, convulsive cough and stomach pain due to indigestion. Gas chromatography coupled with mass spectroscopy (GCMS) has been used for detection and identification of volatile components from the hydro-distillate from leaf and rind of Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr. of Rutaceae. Yield of oil was more in rind (0.12%) compared to leaf (0.07%). Forty two and thirty four compounds were detected from leaf and fruit respectively, among which citronellol (28.26%) was the major component in the leaves while D-limonene (89.04%) in the rind. Volatile compounds responsible for various medicinal properties are identified from hydro-distillate of Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr. from Dakshina Kannada using GC-MS.

Keyword:     Citronellol essential oil GCMS herbal medicine hydro-distillation limonene.


Anupama Prasad D, Rajendra Prasad B, Krishna Prasad D, Puneeth Shetty, Sunil Kumar KN. GCMS Compositional Analysis of Essential Oil of Leaf and Fruit Rind Of Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr. from Coastal Karnataka, India. J App Pharm Sci, 2016; 6 (05): 068-072.

Copyright:The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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