Acaricidal activity of five essential oils against Rhipicephalus annulatus ticks and their GC-MS analyses

Abeer Moawad Elham Amin Waleed Arafa Khaled Hussein Khaled Hassan Asmaa Owis Hayam Ahmed   

Open Access   

Published:  May 15, 2024

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2024.172141

Rhipicephalus annulatus is regarded as the most common tick in transmitting cattle disease. Chemical acaricides resistance and toxicity have directed research on the use of essential plant oils which have great potential for pest management for safe food production. Therefore, the current study was designed to test the larvicidal activity of essential oils (EOs) of five medicinal plants; cilantro leaves, orange leaves, Tagetes flower, geranium herb, and sweet basil herb against R. annulatus larvae using the larval packet test. Analysis of EO chemical composition using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was also carried out to justify the assigned activities. Cilantro, orange, and Tagetes EOs showed 100.0% larval mortality with lethal concerntrations that kills 50% (LC50) of 1.46%, 0.88%, and 2.94%, respectively. Geranium and sweet basil herbs EOs showed 96.33% ± 3.18% and 92.33% ± 1.45% larval mortality with LC50 of 5.28% and 7.20%, respectively. Major compounds were identified by GC-MS as follows, [2(E)-decenal (49.72%), decanal (21.47%)] from cilantro EO, [methyl methanthranilate (63.45%), γ-terpinene (18.64%)] from orange EO, [trans-β-ocimene (24.93%) and isoartemisia ketone (8.84%)] in Tagetes EO, [β-citronellol (41.83%), citronellyl formate (10.41%), geraniol (9.47%)] from geranium EO, and [β-Linalool (55.63%), 1,8-cineole (9.66%)] from sweet basil. Our results showed the potential of EOs as eco-friendly and economic acaricides for tick control.

Keyword:     Cattle disease natural acaricides Rhipicephalus annulatus LPT essential oils GC-MS


Moawad A, Amin E, Arafa W, Hussein K, Hassan K, Owis A, Ahmed H. Acaricidal activity of five essential oils against Rhipicephalus annulatus ticks and their GC-MS analyses. J Appl Pharm Sci. 2024. Online First.

Copyright: © The Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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