Short Communication | Volume: 8, Issue: 10, October, 2018

Anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-carcinogenic activities of araloside A from Aralia elata

Je-Hyuk Lee Jin-Sun Kim Seon-Dae Shin   

Open Access   

Published:  Oct 31, 2018

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2018.81017
Abstract

The aim of this study was to explore the anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer activities of araloside A. Araloside A had a low antioxidant activity. The decrease of 2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radicals was only about 5.2% at 200 mM of araloside A. Additionally, the araloside A (200 mM) showed approximately 11% and 9.2% decrease in NO radical chemical scavenging activity and superoxide dismutase-like activity, respectively. The estimated oxygen radical absorbance capacity and hydroxyl radical absorbance capacity values of araloside A were approximately 119.7 mM trolox equivalent/g and 0.818 mM gallic acid equivalent/g, respectively. Based on cytotoxicity results, LPS-stimulated (Lipopolysaccharide) macrophage cells were treated with 0–500 μM of araloside A, a concentration range that did not reduce the viability of macrophage cells. Araloside A inhibited the production of NO in the macrophages in a concentration-dependent manner. In particular, the 500 mM of araloside A reduced NO production to less than the basal level of NO in macrophage cells. Araloside A showed cytotoxicity against the stomach cancer cell lines, SNU-638 and AGS. Additionally, the melanoma cell line B16-F1 was susceptible to araloside A-mediated cytotoxicity. However, the araloside A did not cause cytotoxicity in the ovary cancer cell line NIH: OVCAR-3. Taken together, our results indicated that the araloside A had the anti-inflammatory activity inhibiting NO production and anti-cancer activity against SNU, AGS cancer cells, and melanoma ovarian cancer cells, in spite of its low antioxidant activity. These results provide the fundamental information for araloside A as an agent against both inflammation and cancer.


Keyword:     Anti-inflammationanticanceraraloside AAralia elata.


Citation:

Lee J-HL, Kim J-S, Shin S-D. Anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-carcinogenic activities of araloside A from Aralia elata. J App Pharm Sci, 2018; 8(10): 129-135.

Copyright: © The Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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