Research Article | Volume: 8, Issue: 1, January, 2018

Molecular Characterization of Olfactory Bulb Neural Stem Cells during Proliferation and Differentiation

Entsar A. Saad Hany E. S. Marei Mohammed A. El-Magd Heba M. El-Fatiry   

Open Access   

Published:  Jan 28, 2018

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2018.8113
Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to demonstrate the fate of human olfactory bulb neural stem cells (hOBNSCs). Reported¬ly, these cells can be expanded in vitro under prolonged mitogen stimulation without propensity to transform. Material and methods: We assessed their possible ability to proliferate and differentiate into different neurons, oligodendrocytes and astrocytes through monitoring changes in expression profile of proliferation (NES, NR4A1, SOX2, MSI1) and differentiation (FOXO4, CSPG4, MAP2, GFAP)-related genes. Results: In vitro induction of hOBNSCs proliferation by addition of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), epidermal growth factor (EGF), and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) to basal serum-free medium (DMEM/F12) resulted in significant up-regulation of proliferation-related genes. Differentiation of hOBNSCs, which was initiated by replacing bFGF and EGF by triiodothyronine (T3), significantly increased expression of differentiation-related genes. Among the differentiated cells, GFAP-expressing astrocytes constituted the highest population of cells followed by CSPGS-expressing immature oligodendrocytes, then MAP2-expressing immature neurons, and finally FOXO4-expressing mature oligodendrocytes. Conclusion: These data will enable us to understand the mechanism of proliferation and differentiation of hOBNSCs before and after their engraftment during cell-based therapy for neurodegenerative diseases.


Keyword:     Neurons Oligodendrocytes Astrocytes Gene expression PCR.


Citation:

Saad EA, Marei HES, El-Magd MA, El-Fatiry HM. Molecular Characterization of Olfactory Bulb Neural Stem Cells during Proliferation and Differentiation. J App Pharm Sci, 2018; 8 (01): 087-092.

Copyright: © The Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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