Research Article | Volume: 7, Issue: 12, December, 2017

Socioeconomic position as a risk factor for BPA exposure in a sample of Egyptian children

Azza A. Gabr Nermine N. Mahfouz Mones M. Abu Shady Mai M. Youssef Ebtissam M. Salah El-Din Alyaa H Kamhawy Jihan Hussein Tarek S. Ibrahim M. A. Abbas   

Open Access   

Published:  Dec 30, 2017

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2017.71211

Background: Bisphenol A is an endocrine-disrupting chemical that interferes with hormone action and contributes to disease and disability. Objective: To estimate the concentrations of urinary Bisphenol A in a sample of Egyptian children from different socioeconomic levels. Methods: A cross-sectional study included 167 children aged 2-18 years of both sexes. Socio-demographic data were evaluated and estimation of urinary Bisphenol A using high performance liquid chromatography was done. Urinary Bisphenol A, was categorized into quartiles (<1.3, 1.3–<2.6, 2.6–4.9, >4.9) ng/mL and was associated and analyzed with the social class. Results: The total urinary Bisphenol A ranged from 0.1 to 18.9 ng/ml with a mean 1.29 (+2.09), median 0.67 and geometric mean 0.68. According to parental occupation and education children were divided into 3 social classes: low (21.5%), middle (41.1%), and high (37.3 %). Children of high class have Bisphenol A levels significantly higher than middle and low classes, p=0.01. Conclusion: Urinary Bisphenol A concentrations exhibited low values in more than three fourths of the studied group indicating low exposure. The highest levels were detected in children from high socioeconomic standard. Excessive use of plastic bottles, microwave plastic wares and consumption of canned food may be the sources of exposure.

Keyword:     Bisphenol A children socioeconomic level exposure sources.


Gabr AA, Mahfouz NN, Shady MMA, Youssef MM, El-Din EMS, Kamhawy AH, Hussein J, Ibrahim TS, Abbas MA. Socioeconomic position as a risk factor for BPA exposure in a sample of Egyptian children. J App Pharm Sci, 2017; 7 (12): 084- 089.

Copyright: © The Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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