Published:  Sep 26, 2016DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2016.60927
Objective: To evaluate acute oral toxicity (AOT), subchronic toxicity, and mutagenic potential of glycosides based standardized fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.) seeds extract (SFSE-G). Materials and Methods: The AOT, subchronic (90-day repeated dose) toxicity and mutagenicity (reverse mutation test) of oral administration of SFSE-G were evaluated using Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats as per OECD guideline no. 423, No. 408 and 471 respectively. Results: The SFSE-G did not show mortality or treatment-related adverse signs during acute (limit dose of 2000 mg/kg) and subchronic (90-days repeated dose of 250, 500 and 1000 mg/kgwith 28 days of recovery period) administration. The SFSE-G showed oral median lethal dose (LD50) more than 2000 mg/kg during AOT study. The no-observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) of SFSE-G was 1000 mg/kg in male rats and 500 mg/kg in female rats during subchronic toxicity study. Furthermore, SFSE-G did not show mutagenic potential in vitro. Conclusions: SFSE-G was found safe for acute and subchronic (90 days repeated dose) administration in rats with no mutagenic potential.
Deshpande P, Mohan V, Thakurdesai P. Preclinical safety assessment of glycosides based standardized fenugreek seeds extract: Acute, subchronic toxicity and mutagenicity studies. J App Pharm Sci, 2016; 6 (09): 179-188.
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