Research Article | Volume: 6, Issue: 8, August, 2016

Assessment of factors associated with early and late stage diagnosis of buccal mucosa carcinoma

Padma Ramasamy Sundaresan Sivapatham   

Open Access   

Published:  Aug 30, 2016

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2016.60812

Background/Objectives: Delayed reporting at advanced stage of oral cancer is a common problem in India. Hence, the purpose of study was to determine factors associated with early and delay diagnosis of buccal mucosa carcinoma. Materials and Methods: The questionnaire based cross-sectional study was conducted with 198 buccal mucosa carcinoma subjects. Sociodemographic, socioeconomic, clinical-histopathology characteristic, clinical symptoms and their habits were recorded. Results and discussion: In our study, 169(85.3%) had diagnosed with advanced stage, whereas 29(14.7%) diagnosed at early stage. Among all the factors, socioeconomic status, degree of differentiation and regional lymph nodes were found to be associated with stage of diagnosis, whereas sociodemographic, depth of tumor and tumor size were not associated (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analyses exists independent associations with clinical and histopathological factors (P<0.05). Moderately differentiated (OR 13.32), poorly differentiated (OR 16.124) and presence of regional lymph node (OR 1.914) had risk of developing cancer in advanced stage than early stage of diagnosis. Hence, early diagnosis was best prevention of diseases. Conclusion: The study suggested that rising public awareness could reduce the burden of this disease and improves early diagnosis in India.

Keyword:     Sociodemographic socioeconomic early stage advanced stage histopathology.


Padma Ramasamy, Sundaresan Sivapatham. Assessment of factors associated with early and late stage diagnosis of buccal mucosa carcinoma. J App Pharm Sci, 2016; 6 (08): 079-082.

Copyright:The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

HTML Full Text


Article Metrics
389 Views 12 Downloads 401 Total



Related Search

By author names