Research Article | Volume: 5, Issue: 11, November, 2015

Antifungal potential of the Seed and Leaf Foeniculum vulgare Mill essential Oil in liquid and vapor phase against phytopathogenic fungi

Sellam Khalid Bammou Mohamed Ramchoun Mhamed Bouhlali Eimad Dine Tariq J’aiti Fatima Nassiri Laila El Rhaffari Lhoussaine   

Open Access   

Published:  Nov 27, 2015

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2015.501108
Abstract

Analysis of essential oils obtained from the seeds (SEO) and leaves (LEO) of Foeniculum vulgare Mill cultivated in southeast of Morocco revealed that trans-anethole was the major constituent (54.67% of seed oil and 50.60% in leaf oil), followed by estragol (35.33% of seed oil and 30.15% in leaf oil). Other components present in leaf oil included fenchone, linalool and α-pinene, while seed oil contained fenchone, limonene and γ-terpinen. Besides, minor constituents like camphene, camphor, myrcene, pahllandrene, fenchyl acetate and β-bisabolene were obtained from seeds and leaves. The essential oils of the seeds and leaves of Foeniculum vulgare were assayed for their antifungal activity by poison food (PF) technique and the volatile activity assay (VA) against five agricultural pathogenic fungi. The results indicated that the essential oil of Foeniculum vulgare inhibited the mycelial growth of all fungal strains tested. VA assay of essential oil was consistently found to be more effective than PF technique. The mycelium growth was completely inhibited by LEO on Alternaria sp., Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. albedinis and Aspergillus brasiliensis at 0.25 µl mL-1 air. Rhizopus stoloniferawas the most sensitive with a minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) = 0.25 µl mL-1 air.


Keyword:     Foeniculum vulgare Essential oil Antifungal activity Chemical composition.


Citation:

Sellam Khalid, Bammou Mohamed, Ramchoun Mhamed, Bouhlali Eimad Dine Tariq, J’aiti Fatima, Nassiri Laila, El Rhaffari Lhoussaine. Antifungal potential of the Seed and Leaf Foeniculum vulgare Mill essential Oil in liquid and vapor phase against phytopathogenic fungi. J App Pharm Sci, 2015; 5 (11): 050-054.

Copyright:The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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