Research Article | Volume: 5, Issue: 5, May, 2015

Pharmacognostical, Phytochemical and Total Phenolic Content of Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg Leaves

Mukesh S. Sikarwar BoeyJia Hui Kumutha Subramaniam Bavani Devi Valeisamy Ling KarYean Kaveti Balaji   

Open Access   

Published:  May 27, 2015

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2015.50518

Objective: This research was aimed to investigate the pharmacognostical, phytochemical and total phenolic content of Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg leaves.

Method: Macroscopy, microscopy, physicochemical, phytochemical analysis and thin layer chromatography of Artocarpus altilis leaves were carried out. Folin-Coicalteau method was used to determine the total phenolic content.

Results: Morphological study showed that the leaves were alternate or irregular, ovate and finger-like shaped with an average of 30.21cm in length and 24.25cm in width. Microscopy on leaves and powder showed the presence of anomocytic stomata, trichomes, xylem, starch grains, lignin, and calcium oxalate crystals. Phytochemical test showed the presence of mucilage, flavonoid, steroid, tannin and phenolic compound and anthraquinone glycosides. Physicochemical analysis showed 11.64% of loss on drying, 9% of total ash value; and water soluble extractive value of 21.32% as highest. Total phenolic content was found to be 26.22 mg GAE/g. Conclusion: From this study, it can be concluded that the ethanolic extracts of Artocarpus altilis leaves possess modest amount of phenolic compounds in the leaves of this plant.

Keyword:     Total phenolic content Artocarpus altilis Pharmacognostical Phytochemical.


Mukesh S. Sikarwar, Boey Jia Hui, Kumutha Subramaniam, Bavani Devi Valeisamy,Ling KarYean, Kaveti Balaji.Pharmacognostical, Phytochemical and Total Phenolic Content of Artocarpus Altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg Leaves. J App Pharm Sci, 2015; 5 (05): 094- 100.

Copyright:The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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