Research Article | Volume: 4, Issue: 5, May, 2014

Pharmacognostical standardization of leaves of Cupressus macrocarpa Hartweg. ex Gordon

Sudhir K. Thukral Sumitra Singh Surendra Kr. Sharma   

Open Access   

Published:  May 27, 2014

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2014.40513

Cupressus macrocarpa Hartweg. ex Gordon belongs to family Cupressaceae. It is commonly known as Monterey Cypress. Traditionally the decoction of leaves is used in rheumatism. The species of genus Cupressus are used to improve bladder tone and coadjuvant in therapy of urinary incontinence and enuresis. The present study was carried out to establish the pharmacognostical study along with preliminary phytochemical screening of petroleum ether, chloroform, ethanol and aqueous extracts of Cupressus macrocarpa. The macroscopical and microscopical characters of leaves were studied. The transverse section of leaves indicated the arrangement of various cells in epidermis, sunken stomata, hypodermis, spongy parenchyma and vascular bundles. The physico-chemical parameters such as total ash, acid insoluble ash, water soluble ash and sulphated ash value, loss on drying, extractive values, fluorescence analysis of extracts and powder treated with different chemical reagents were studied under ordinary light, short and long UV light. The foaming and swelling index of leaves were also studied. Preliminary phytochemical screening of various extracts revealed the presence of glycosides, flavonoids, sterols, phenolic compounds, carbohydrates and amino acids. These studies will be helpful in developing standards for quality, purity and sample identification of this plant.

Keyword:     Cupressus macrocarpa Cupressaceae pharmacognostical physico-chemical parameters.


Sudhir K. Thukral, Sumitra Singh, Surendra Kr. Sharma., Pharmacognostical standardization of leaves of Cupressus macrocarpa Hartweg. ex Gordon. J App Pharm Sci, 2014; 4 (05): 071-074.

Conflict of interest: None

Source of Support: None

Copyright:The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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