Research Article | Volume: 4, Issue: 12, December, 2014

Characterization of Encapsulation Process of Avobenzone in Solid Lipid Microparticle Using a Factorial Design and its Effect on Photostability

Cecilia Gallardo Cabrera Juan Fernando Pinillos Madrid Jhonathan David Pazmiño Arteaga Alejandro Munera Echeverry   

Open Access   

Published:  Dec 29, 2014

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2014.41207
Abstract

Avobenzone (AVO)liposphereswere obtained using as encapsulating material carnauba wax and applying the method of hot emulsification. A factorial design 23 was performed to optimize and recognize the influence of the initial amount of AVO, the stearyl alcohol (SA) and polysorbate (PS-20)concentrationsin the AVO loading, mean and D90 particle size. The results showed a variation of AVO loading between 1.8 and 20%, which was mainly affected by initial amount of AVO. The mean particle size D [4.3] ranged from 11.11 to 37.15 μm, this was affected by the levels of SA and PS-20, while D90 was influenced by three variables under study. Lipospheres highly loaded and under a narrow particle distribution was obtained when initial amount of AVO, SA and PS-20 were set in the maximum level. The study showed that the encapsulation process enhanced the photostability going from 31.5% for free AVO to 16.2% for the encapsulated AVO.


Keyword:     Avobenzone solid lipid microparticles lipospheres photodegradation.


Citation:

Cecilia Gallardo Cabrera, Juan Fernando Pinillos Madrid, Jhonathan David Pazmiño Arteaga, Alejandro Munera Echeverry. Characterization of Encapsulation Process of Avobenzone in Solid Lipid Microparticle Using a Factorial Design and its Effect on Photostability. J App Pharm Sci, 2014; 4 (12): 035-043.

Copyright:The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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