Research Article | Volume: 4; Issue: 11, November, 2014

Muli bamboo (Melocanna baccifera) as a new source of microcrystalline cellulose

Lalduhsanga Pachuau David C. Vanlalfakawma Shri Kant Tripathi H. Lalhlenmawia   

Open Access   

Published:  Nov 27, 2014

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2014.41115
Abstract

Microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) was prepared by hydrochloric acid hydrolysis from Muli bamboo (Melocanna baccifera) fibers to tap its potential as a green source of MCC. The cellulose and α-cellulose yield from the original material were 62.5 and 54.8 % respectively. The physicochemical properties of the prepared MCC were investigated using Avicel PH101 as a comparator. Micromeritic properties of the powder MCC samples were analyzed by determining its average particle size, flow properties, particle porosity and density. The total ash and moisture content along with the swelling index were also determined. The prepared MCC was also characterized by fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and x-ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD). Results from these analyses indicate that the Muli bamboo can be used as a green source of MCC.


Keyword:     Microcrystalline cellulose Melocanna baccifera physicochemical properties.


Citation:

Lalduhsanga Pachuau, Lalhlenmawia Hauzel, David C Vanlalfakawma, Shri Kant Tripathi. Muli bamboo (Melocanna baccifera) as a new source of microcrystalline cellulose. J App Pharm Sci, 2014; 4 (11): 087-094.

Copyright:The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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