Research Article | Volume: 4; Issue: 11, November, 2014

Identification of Staphylococcus strain CH1-8 and its oil-degradation

Sirilak Namwong Somboon Tanasupawat   

Open Access   

Published:  Nov 27, 2014

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2014.4115
Abstract

A lipase-and biosurfactant-producing, Gram-positive, aerobic and coccal bacterium designated as CH1-8 was isolated from Thai fermented fish. It grew optimally at 37 ï‚°C, pH 7.0, and in the presence of 0-5%, w/v NaCl. The results of phenotypic and chemotaxonomic properties including phylogeneitc tree analysis confirmed that it was belonged to the genus Stayphylococus. The16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain CH1-8 was closely related to Staphylococcus xylosus ATCC 29971T (99.11%), therefore it was identified as Staphylococcus xylosus. This strain gradually degraded various types of oils, sunflower oil, palm oil, soybean oil and rice bran oil, including cooking oil. During cultivation at room temperature for 35 days, lipase and biosurfactant activities of strain were 2 units/ml and 52 mN/m, respectively while the cleavage products were almost completely consumed. The maximal percentage of cooking oil hydrolysis by strain CH1-8 was 90% in the absence of NaCl and 60% in the presence of 10%, (w/v) NaCl. Therefore, the quality of wastewater from household will environmentally accepted after treated with strain CH1-8.


Keyword:     Staphylococcus xylosus lipase biosurfactant oil-degradation.


Citation:

Sirilak Namwong, Somboon Tanasupawat. Identification of Staphylococcus strain CH1-8 and its oil-degradation. J App Pharm Sci, 2014; 4 (11): 024-029.

Copyright:The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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