Research Article | Volume: 4, Issue: 8, August, 2014

Antihyperglycaemic activity of the flavonoid-rich fraction of the extract of Tamarindus indica L. on experimentally induced hyperglycaemic wistar rats

Yerima M Anuka J.A Salawu O.A Abdu-Aguye I. and Tanko Y   

Open Access   

Published:  Aug 27, 2014

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2014.40813
Abstract

Diabetes is the most common endocrine disease and its prevalence is reaching epidemic proportion worldwide. Tamarindus indica is a slow growing tree that is resistant to strong winds and perennial. The stem-bark extract of the plant is used locally for the management of diabetes. The objective of this work was to investigate the potentials of the flavonoid-rich portion of Tamarindus indica at lowering elevated blood glucose level. The flavonoids-rich portion of the stem-bark extract of Tamarindus indica L. was investigated for its hypoglycemic action on experimentally induced hyperglycaemic Wistar rats. The oral LD50 of the extract was found to be 1,265 mg/kg. The flavonoid-rich fraction lowered the Blood Glucose Level (BGL) in the three doses used (100, 200 and 400 mg/kg) there was a significant reduction with the 400 mg/kg dose at the 8th, 16th and 24th hour and the 200 mg/kg dose at 16 and 24 hours, and the 100 mg/kg dose at 24 hours. The flavonoid-rich portion of Tamarindus indica Linn significantly lowered elevated BGL in the experimental animal models.


Keyword:     AlloxanfructoseHyperglycemiametforminTamarindus indica.


Citation:

Yerima M, Anuka J.A, Salawu O.A, Abdu-Aguye I. and Tanko Y. Antihyperglycaemic Activity of the Flavonoid-rich fraction of the Extract of Tamarindus indica L. on Experimentally Induced Hyperglycaemic Wistar Rats. J App Pharm Sci, 2014; 4 (08): 064- 068.

Copyright:The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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