Research Article | Volume: 4, Issue: 8, August, 2014

The Analgesic Effect of a Curcumin Analogue 1,5-bis(4’-hydroxy-3’-methoxyphenyl)-1,4-pentadien-3-on (Gamavuton-0) in acute and persistent pain

Zullies Ikawati Nunung Yuniarti Supardjan Amir Margono   

Open Access   

Published:  Aug 27, 2014

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2014.40809
Abstract

Gamavuton-0 (GVT-0), a curcumin analogue, has been reported to have antiinflammatory and antioxidant activity, however, its analgesic activity has not yet been investigated. This research purpose is to study the effect of GVT-0 on acute and persistent pain using Modified Hot Plate (MHP) method and Formalin test, respectively, on male Swiss mice. In MHP method, the five groups of animals were pretreated with GVT-0 (10, 20, 40, and 80 mg/kg, orally) and indomethacin (4 mg/kgBB, i.p, for positive control), respectively, and immediately followed by stimulation with the carrageenan in sterile saline with a final volume of 50 µl in the left paw. The animals were then placed in hot plate (51oC). The latency time was determined at 90 min post-challenge. In the Formalin test, the six groups of animals were pretreated with GVT-0 (10, 20, 40 and 80 mg/kg, orally), morphine (5 mg/kgBB, i.p), and indomethacin (4 mg/kgBB, i.p) respectively, 60 min prior to the injection of 1.0% aqueous formalin (20 µl) administered by the intraplantar route into the right hindpaw. The licking time was measured at the first 5 min (initial phase, neurogenic) and 10-30 min after formalin injection (late phase, inflammatory). Result showed that GVT-0 has analgesic effect on acute pain using MHP method with ED50 of 27,69 mg/kgBW (p.o). While using Formalin test, GVT-0 showed analgesic activity with ED50 of 109,02 mg/kgBW (p.o) in initial phase, and ED50 of 13,53 mg/kgBW (p.o) in late phase. These results suggest that GVT-0 is a potential candidate for new antiinflammatory and analgesic agent that can be used for the treatment of different painful condition.


Keyword:     GVT-0 curcumin analogue analgesic activity acute and persistent pain.


Citation:

Zullies Ikawati, Nunung Yuniarti, Supardjan Amir Margono. The Analgesic Effect of a Curcumin Analogue 1,5-bis(4’-hydroxy-3’- methoxyphenyl)-1,4-pentadien-3-on (Gamavuton-0) in acute and persistent pain. J App Pharm Sci, 2014; 4 (08): 048-051.

Copyright:The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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