Research Article | Volume: 4, Issue: 3, March, 2014

Prescribing patterns of ophthalmological products in a private sector patient population in South Africa

Ilse Truter   

Open Access   

Published:  Feb 27, 2014

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2014.40312
Abstract

Studies on the prescribing patterns of ophthalmological products are scarce. The primary aim of the study was to determine the prescribing patterns of ophthalmological products in a private sector patient population in South Africa. A retrospective drug utilization study was conducted on a 2011 database containing 2 298 312 records for medicine, procedures and medical devices. All records for ophthalmological products were extracted and analysed. A total of 8 428 patients (52.81% males) received 17 087 ophthalmological products. The average age of patients was 36.83 (SD=21.32) years, with 35.92% of products prescribed to patients between 40 and 59 years of age. Anti-infectives accounted for 25.45% of prescribing frequency and 10.63% of prescribing cost, and anti-infectives combined with corticosteroids for 15.44% of prescribing frequency and 17.78% of cost. Only 4.38% of patients received products for glaucoma, accounting for 12.09% of prescribing frequency and 24.66% of cost. The average age of patients on glaucoma products was 61.64 (SD=16.07) years. Antiviral products had the highest average cost (only one trade name, no generic equivalent was available for this product). A third of products were prescribed on a chronic basis. More studies are needed to determine the treatment of eye conditions in South Africa.


Keyword:     Ophthalmology Eye conditions Drug utilization Prescribing patterns.


Citation:

Ilse Truter. Prescribing patterns of ophthalmological products in a private sector patient population in South Africa. J App Pharm Sci, 2014; 4 (03): 058-061.

Copyright:The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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