Review Article | Volume: 4, Issue: 1, January, 2014

A review of the taxonomy, ethnobotany, phytochemistry and pharmacology of Basella alba (Basellaceae)

S. A. Deshmukh and D. K. Gaikwad*   

Open Access   

Published:  Jan 30, 2014

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2014.40125
Abstract

Basella alba L. is an important green leafy vegetables found commonly in the tropical regions of the world. The plant is used as a substitute for true spinach (i. e. Spinacea oleracea L.) and also has great ethnomedicinal importance. Different studies have proved that the plant is rich in vitamin A and vitamin C along with flavonoids, saponins, carotenoids, many amino acids and organic acids. Various in vivo and in vitro studies revealed that the plants is enriched with active substances/principles having medicinal potential. Major biological activities exhibited by Basella alba is androgenic, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant, antiulcer, antiviral, CNS depressant, hepatoprotective and wound healing, properties. Besides these all the plant possess a valuable ethnomedicinal importance and are used to cure digestive disorders, skin diseases, bleeding piles, pimples, urticaria, irritation, anemia, whooping cough, leprosy, aphthae, insomnia, cancer, gonorrhea, burns, headache, ulcers, diarrhea, liver disorders, bilious vomiting, sexual asthenia.


Keyword:     Basella Biological activity Ethnobotany Phytochemistry Taxonomy.


Citation:

S. A. Deshmukh and D. K. Gaikwad, A review of the taxonomy, ethnobotany, phytochemistry and pharmacology of Basella alba (Basellaceae). J App Pharm Sci, 2014; 4 (01): 153-165.

Copyright:The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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