Research Article | Volume : 1 Issue : 5, July 2011

Enhancement of Dissolution Rate and Formulation Development of Efavirenz Tablets Employing Starch Citrate-A New Modified Starch

K.P.R. Chowdary and Veeraiah Enturi   

Open Access   

Abstract

The objective of the study is to prepare, characterize and evaluate starch citrate, a new modified starch as a carrier in solid dispersions for enhancing the dissolution rate of efavirenz. The feasibility of formulating solid dispersions of efavirenz in starch citrate into compressed tablets with enhanced dissolution rate was also investigated. Starch citrate was prepared by reacting starch with citric acid at elevated temperatures. It was insoluble in water and has good swelling (1500%) property without pasting or gelling when heated in water. Solid dispersions of efavirenz in starch citrate were prepared by solvent evaporation method employing various weight ratios of drug: starch citrate such as 2:1(SD-1), 1:1(SD-2), 1:2(SD-3), 1:3(SD-4) and 1:9(SD-5) and were evaluated for dissolution rate and efficiency. All the solid dispersions prepared gave rapid and higher dissolution of efavirenz when compared to pure drug. A 12.94 and 40.41 fold increase in the dissolution rate (K1) of efavirenz was observed with solid dispersions SD-4 and SD-5 respectively. The DE30 was also increased from 10.66% in the case of efavirenz pure drug to 60.93% and 74.23% in the case of these solid dispersions. Efavirenz (50 mg) tablets were prepared employing efavirenz alone and its solid dispersions SD-3 and SD- 4 by wet granulation method and were evaluated. Efavirenz tablets formulated employing its solid dispersions in starch citrate gave rapid and higher dissolution rate and DE30 when compared to plain and commercial tablets. A 7.01 and 15.30 fold increase in the dissolution rate (K1) was observed with tablet formulations containing solid dispersions SD-3 and SD-4 respectively when compared to plain tablets


Keyword:     Starch Citrate Efavirenz Dissolution Rate Formulation Development.


Copyright:The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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