Review Article | Volume: 3, Issue: 3, March, 2013

Drug Misuse, Dependence and Addiction

Rabia BushraNousheen Aslam and Khwaja Zafar Ahmed   

Open Access   

Published:  Mar 28, 2013

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2013.30301

Drug addiction presents a chronic relapsing disorder characterized by persistent drug-seeking and taking behaviors. Given the significant detrimental effects of this disease both socially and economically, a considerable research has been dedicated to understanding a number of issues in addiction including behavioral and neuro-pharmacological factors that contribute to the development of addiction, loss of self control and persistence of compulsive addictive behaviors. This review was designed to list out the drugs and factors which initiate and maintain dependence and how the relapse of these substances occurs in drug dependent persons.

Keyword:     Drug misuse Addiction Dependence opiods Tobacco


Rabia Bushra, Nousheen Aslam and Khwaja Zatar Ahmed. Drugs Misuse, Dependence and Addiction. J App Pharm Sci. 2013; 3 (03): 001-007.

Copyright:The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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