Research Article | Volume: 3, Issue: 1, January, 2013

Efficacy of L-carnosine against Schistosoma mansoni antigens in liver, heart, kidney and brain of rabbits

Naima Z. Mohamed Monira A.Abd El Kader Sanaa A. Ali   

Open Access   

Published:  Jan 28, 2013

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2013.30108

The present investigation was an attempt to study the enhancememt effect of L-carnosine (beta alanyl-l-histidine) on the influence of vaccination on healthy (non-infected) rabbits treated with Schistosoma mansoni egg antigens, cercariae antigens, and worms antigens as protective agents against infection. This study involved individual injection of three Schistosoma mansoni antigens: soluble egg antigen (SEA), cercarial antigen preparation (CAP) and soluble worm antigen preparation (SWAP), in three rabbit groups, respectively. Three other groups each received the same specific antigen in conjunction with the administration of L-carnosine, biochemical parameters including DNA, RNA, DNA/RNA ratio concentrations in addition ATPase, and acetyl cholinesterase activities were measured in liver, heart, kidney and brain in all groups. Elevation in most parameters was observed in the immunized groups. Carnosine treatment of rabbit groups immunized with SEA, CAP and SWAP in comparison to the non-carnosine-treated immunized groups resulted in amelioration the changes of DNA, RNA, ATPase and acetyl cholinesterase activities in most groups. L-carnosine has a beneficial effect in the amelioration of the changes in biochemical parameters as a result of S. mansoni antigen immunization.

Keyword:     Antigens DNA RNA DNA/RNA ATP ase Acetyl cholinesterase.


Naima Z. Mohamed, Monira A.Abd El Kader, Sanaa A. Ali., Efficacy of L-carnosine against Schistosoma mansoni antigens in liver, heart, kidney and brain rabbits. J App Pharm Sci. 2013; 3 (01): 039-045.

Copyright:The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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