Evaluation on antioxidative and neuroprotective activity of bacoside- A, Asiatic acid and kaempferol in endothelin-1 induced cerebral ischemia in rat

Ashutosh Ghosh Nasima Khanam Debjani Nath   

Open Access   

Published:  Aug 01, 2023

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2023.153365

The framework of the present study was mapped out to evaluate the neuroprotective efficacy of bacoside-A, Asiatic acid, and kaempferol as antioxidants in the endothelin-1 (ET-1) induced focal cerebral ischemic brain of rats. Oral administration of bacoside-A (50 mg/kg), Asiatic acid (50 mg/kg), and kaempferol (50 mg/kg) significantly reduced the infarct volume to 31.8% ± 1.30%, 32.3% ± 1.25%, and 34.06% ± 1.30%, respectively, compared to the vehicle–treated ischemic (I/R) group. The neurological deficit was significantly reduced and the neuropathological condition of microglia and astrocytes were also improved. Significant increases in calcium levels and malondialdehyde and reduction (p < 0.01) at the levels of antioxidative enzymes superoxide dismutase, catalase and reduced glutathione were observed. Considering the level of efficacy, Bacoside-A was found to be the most potent neuroprotective antioxidant among the three phytochemicals.

Keyword:     Cerebral ischemia bacoside-A asiatic acid kaempferol infarct volume neuroprotective


Ghosh A, Khanam N, Nath D. Evaluation on antioxidative and neuroprotective activity of bacoside- A, Asiatic acid and kaempferol in endothelin-1 induced cerebral ischemia in rat. J Appl Pharm Sci, 2023. Online First. http://doi.org/10.7324/JAPS.2023.153365

Copyright: © The Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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