Research Article | Volume: 8, Issue: 11, November, 2018

Knowledge, attitudes, and perception of prostate cancer among male outpatients of a tertiary care hospital in south-east Nigeria

Deborah O. Aluh Obinna C. Anyachebelu Ekwuofu Amos Azubuike Isah Abdulmuminu   

Open Access   

Published:  Nov 30, 2018

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2018.81109

Prostate cancer is the number one cancer in males both in incidence and mortality in Africa and the increased mortality rate amongst this population is mainly attributed to late presentation. It has been postulated that poor perceptions and knowledge about prostate cancer and the availability of alternative therapies are the reasons for late presentation. This study seeks to find out if the media attention and increased awareness of prostate cancer in Nigeria has actually improved the knowledge and attitudes of men toward prostate cancer. The study was a cross-sectional descriptive study conducted among men aged ≥18 years in the General Outpatient Department of Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University Teaching Hospital. The mean percentage knowledge score was 60.29%. The mean percentage attitude score was 60.79%. The mean percentage perception score was 66.82%. Less than half of them (43.3%) had a positive attitude toward prostate cancer. More than half (53.6%) of them had a negative perception of prostate cancer. There was a strong evidence of association between education and perception of prostate cancer (X2 = 20.14, p = 0.000). In conclusion, the patients of the hospital expressed a reasonable level of knowledge about the prostate cancer.

Keyword:     Prostate cancer knowledge attitude perception Nigeria outpatients.


Aluh DO, Anyachebelu OC, Azubuike EA, Abdulmuminu I. Knowledge, attitudes and perception of prostate cancer among male outpatients of a tertiary hospital in south-east Nigeria. J App Pharm Sci, 2018; 8(11): 064–068.

Copyright: © The Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

HTML Full Text


Adibe MO, Aluh DO, Isah A, Anosike C. Knowledge, attitudes and perception of prostate cancer among male staff of the University of Nigeria. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 2017; 18(7):1961–6.

Agho AO, Lewis MA. Correlates of actual and perceived knowledge of prostate cancer among African Americans. Cancer Nur, 2001; 24:165–71.

Akinremi TO, Ogo CN, Olutunde AO. Review of prostate cancer research in Nigeria. Infect Agent Cancer, 2011; 6(Suppl 2):S8.

Akpuaka SO, Clarke-Tasker VA, Nichols-English GJ, Daniel MG, Akpuaka AI. Knowledge and perceptions of prostate cancer among Nigerian male immigrants. ABNF J, 2013; 24(1):23–7.

Arnold-Reed DE, Hince DA, Bulsara MK. Knowledge and attitudes of men about prostate cancer. Med J Aust, 2008; 189:312–14.

Clarke-Tasker VA, Wade R. What we thought we knew: African American males' perceptions of prostate cancer and screening methods. ABNF J, 2002; 13:56–60.

Deibert CM, Maliski S, Kwan L, Fink A, Connor SE, Litwin MS. Prostate cancer knowledge among low-income minority men. J Urol, 2007; 177:1851–5.

Ferlay J, Shin HR, Bray F, Forman D, Mathers C, Parkin DM. Estimates of worldwide burden of cancer in 2008: GLOBOCAN 2008. Int J Cancer, 2010; 127(12):2893–917.

Kanungo S, Bhowmik K, Mahapatra T, Mahapatra S, Bhadra UK, Sarkar K. Perceived morbidity, healthcare-seeking behavior and their determinants in a poor-resource setting: observation from India. PLoS One, 2015; 10(5):e0125865.

Lambert S, Fearing A, Bell D, Newton M. A comparative study of prostate screening health beliefs and practices between African American and Caucasian men. ABNF J, 2002; 13:61–3.

Nakandi H, Kirabo M, Semugabo C. Knowledge, attitudes and practices of Ugandan men regarding prostate cancer. Afr J Urol, 2013; 19:165–70.

Ogunsanya M, Brown M, Odedina F, Barner J, Adedipe T, Corb B. Knowledge of prostate cancer and screening among multi-ethnic black men. AJMH, 2017; 11(4):1008–18.

Ojewola RW, Oridota ES, Olanrewaju SB. Knowledge, attitudes and screening practices regarding prostatic diseases among men older than 40 years: a population-based study in Southwest Nigeria. Pan Afr Med J, 2017; 27:151.

Oladimeji O, Bidemi YO, Olufisayo JAY, Sola AO. Prostate cancer awareness, knowledge, and screening practices among older men in Oyo State, Nigeria. Int Q Community Health Educ, 2010; 30:271–86.

Olapade-Olaopa EO, Owoaje ET, Kola L, Ladipo MM, Adebusoye L, Adedeji TG. Knowledge and perception of Nigerian men 40 years and above regarding prostate cancer. J West Afr Coll Surg, 2014; 4(1):1–16.

Oranusi CK, Mbieri UT, Oranusi IO, Nwofor AME. Prostate cancer awareness and screening among male public servants in Anambra state, Nigeria. Afr J Urol 2012; 18:72–4.

Robinson SB, Ashley M, Haynes MA. Attitudes of African Americans regarding screening for prostate cancer. J Natl Med Assoc, 1996; 88(4):241–6.

Smith GE, DeHaven MJ, Grundig JP, Wilson GR. African- American males and prostate cancer: assessing knowledge levels in the community. J Natl Med Assoc, 1997; 89:387–91.

Winterich JA, Grzywacz JG, Quandt SA, Clark PE, Miller DP, Acu-a J, Dignan MB, Arcury TA. Men's knowledge and beliefs about prostate cancer: education, race, and screening status. PMC, 2009; 19(2):199–203.

Yeboah-Asiamah B, Yirenya-Tawiah D, Baafi D, Ackumey MM. Perceptions and Knowledge about prostate cancer and attitudes towards prostate cancer screening among male teachers in Sunyani Municipality, Ghana. Afr J Urol, 2017; 23(3):184–91

Article Metrics
579 Views 159 Downloads 738 Total



Related Search

By author names