Research Article | Volume: 8, Issue: 8, August, 2018

Larvicidal and Adult Mosquito Attractant Activity of Auricularia auricula-judae Mushroom Extract on Aedes aegypti (L.) and Culex sitiens Wiedemann

Tanawat Chaiphongpachara Kantima Sumchung Kitthisak Khlaeo Chansukh   

Open Access   

Published:  Aug 31, 2018

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2018.8803

Mosquitoes are small insects that are major vectors for the transmission of many diseases to humans, including malaria, dengue fever, yellow fever, lymphatic filariasis, and Japanese encephalitis. These diseases are significant public health problems worldwide, especially in tropical and sub-tropical countries. In this study, we evaluated the effect of Auricularia auricula-judae mushroom extract on larvicidal and adult mosquito attractant activity of important vectors, including Aedes aegypti (L.) and Culex sitiens Wiedemann. Five concentrations of extract at 120, 12, 1.2, 0.12 and 0.012 mg/L for the larvicidal assay were used, while concentrations for the attraction of adult mosquitoes were 10-4 g/mL, 10-5 g/mL and 10-6 g/mL. The results of the larvicidal activity assay with the A. auricula-judae extract on both species investigated herein of mosquitoes did not affect A. aegypti larvae, though with C. sitiens mosquitoes, the mushroom extract slightly eliminated larvae at all concentrations. The results with the A. auricula-judae extract on adult mosquito attractant activity at three concentrations showed at 10-5 g/mL, the most attraction took place followed by 10-6 g/mL and 10-4 g/mL, respectively (11.66 ± 0.57 vs. 7.00 ± 1.00, 11.33 ± 0.57 vs. 6.66 ± 0.57, and 9.33 ± 0.57 vs. 6.00 ± 1.00 mosquitoes, respectively). However, statistical difference comparison of the number of mosquitoes attracted between A. auricula-judae extract and octenol were found to be different at all concentrations (p > 0.05). Although the performance of A. auricula-judae extract is not equal to that of octanol, it was effective in attracting more than half of A. aegypti mosquitoes as dengue vector (58.33%).

Keyword:     Auricularia auricula-judae Aedes aegypti Culex sitiens larvicidal effect mosquito attractant effect.


Chaiphongpachara T, Sumchung K, Chansukh KK. Larvicidal and Adult Mosquito Attractant Activity of Auricularia auriculajudae Mushroom Extract on Aedes aegypti (L.) and Culex sitiens Wiedemann. J App Pharm Sci, 2018; 8(08): 021-025.

Copyright: © The Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

HTML Full Text


Ministry of Public Health, Thailand. 2014. http://www.thaivbd. org/n/home; Accessed [15 Dec. 2017].

Chaiphongpachara T, Sumruayphol S. Species diversity and distribution of mosquito vectors in coastal habitats of Samut Songkhram province. Thailand. Trop. Biomed, 2017; 34:524–532.

Chaiphongpachara T, Moolrat L. Insecticide resistance of temephos on Aedes aegypti as dengue vector in Samut Songkhram, Thailand. Ann. Trop. Med. Public Health, 2017; 10:1439–1442.

Chaiphongpachara T, kaebkhunthod J, Laojun S, Kunphichayadecha C, Saisanan Na Ayudhaya W, Wassanasompong W. Insecticide susceptibility of Aedes aegypti larvae to Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis and juvenile hormone in dengue epidemic areas of Samutsongkhram. Thailand. Int. J. Geomate, 2017; 12:53–60.

Cilek JE, Ikediobi CO, Hallmon CF, Johnson R, Onyeozili EN, Farah SM, Mazu T, Latinwo LM, Ayuk-Takem L, Berniers UR. Semi-field evaluation of several novel alkenol analogs of 1-octen-3-ol as attractants to adult Aedes albopictus and Culex quinquefasciatus. J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc, 2011; 27:256–262.

Damapong P, Damapong P, Jumparwai S, Kaen K. Model development for outbreak of dengue fever. Int J Geomate, 2016; 11:2777– 2781.

Dijkstra FY. Studies on Mushroom Flavours 3. Some compounds in Fresh,Canned and Dried Edible Mushrooms. Zeitschrift fuer Leb. -Untersuchung und-forsch, 1976; 160:401–405.

Geier M, Boeckh J. A new Y-tube olfactometer for mosquitoes to measure the attractiveness of host odours. Entomol. Exp. Appl, 1999; 92:9–19.

Hock JW. CDC Miniature Light Trap. Expert. Insect Sampl. 2004.

Largent DL. How to identify mushrooms to genus I: macroscopic features. Eureka: Eureka Printing. Mad River Press. 1986.

Largent DL, Baroni TJ. How to identify mushrooms to genus VI: modern genera. Eureka: Eureka Printing. Mad River Press. 1988.

Largent DL, Johnson D, Watling R. How to identify mushrooms to genus III: microscopic features. Eureka: Eureka Printing. Mad River Press. 1977.

Largent DL, Thiers HD. How to identify mushrooms to genus II: field identification of genera. Eureka: Eureka Printing. 1977. Published by Mad River, Eureka, CA (1977).

Inamdar AA, Bennett JW. A common fungal volatile organic compound induces a nitric oxide mediated inflammatory response in Drosophila melanogaster. Sci. Rep. 2014; 4:1–9.

Jirakanjanakit N, Saengtharatip S, Rongnoparut P, Duchon S, Bellec C, Yoksan S. Trend of Temephos Resistance in Aedes (Stegomyia) Mosquitoes in Thailand During 2003–2005. Environ. Entomol. 2007; 36:506–511.[506:TOTRIA]2.0.CO;2

Roiz D, Roussel M, Munõz J, Ruiz S, Soriguer R, Figuerola J. Efficacy of mosquito traps for collecting potential west nile mosquito vectors in a natural mediterranean wetland. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg, 2012; 86:642–648.

Service M. Medical entomology for students, fourth edition, Medical Entomology for Students. 2008.

Stuntz DE. How to identify mushrooms to genus IV: key to families and genera. Eureka: Eureka Printing. Mad River Press. 1977.

Takken W, Kline DL. Carbon dioxide and 1-octen-3-ol as mosquito attractants. J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc, 1989; 5:311–316.

Thongwat D, Pimolsri U, Somboon P. Screening for mosquito larvicidal activity of thai mushroom extracts with special reference to Steccherinum sp against Aedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae). Southeast Asian J. Trop. Med. Public Health, 2015; 46:586–595.

World Health Organization, Monitoring and managing insecticide resistance in Aedes mosquito populations Interim guidance for entomologists. WHO. 2016.

World Health Organization, Mosquito born diseases. WHO. 2016, en/index9.html.

World Health Organization, Vector-borne diseases. 2014. http://; Accessed [07 May 2018].

Article Metrics
934 Views 40 Downloads 974 Total



Related Search

By author names