Research Article | Volume: 8, Issue: 3, March, 2018

3D Carboxymethyl Cellulose/Hydroxyapatite (CMC/HA) Scaffold Composites Based on Recycled Eggshell

M. Sayed H.F. El-Maghraby F. Bondioli S.M. Naga   

Open Access   

Published:  Mar 30, 2018

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2018.8304

In this study, recycling of eggshell, which possesses valuable biominerals was utilized for production of nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite powder. Hydroxyapatite was then converted into 3D porous scaffolds by an eco-friendly method. For enhancing the mechanical resistance and improving the biodegradability of HA porous scaffold, CMC was used to coat the scaffolds with different concentration (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0% w/v) via infiltration method. The produced carboxymethyl cellulose/hydroxyapatite (CMC/HA) scaffold composites were evaluated for biomedical applications. The results revealed that the compressive strength of CMC/HA composite scaffolds increases with the increase in the CMC content up to 1.5% w/v. Furthermore, the results obtained from thin film XRD, SEM and EDS analysis after immersion in SBF solution for 28 days indicate the high bioactivity of the scaffolds. The biodegradability test points out that the CMC/HA are degradable naturally over the time; which is essential for tissue growth.

Keyword:     RecyclingCarboxymethylcelluloseHydroxyapatite CompositeBioactivity.


Sayed M, El-Maghraby HF, Bondioli F, Naga SM. 3D Carboxymethyl Cellulose/Hydroxyapatite (CMC/HA) Scaffold Composites Based on Recycled Eggshell. J App Pharm Sci, 2018; 8(03): 023-030.

Copyright: © The Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

HTML Full Text


Article Metrics

465 Absract views 32 PDF Downloads 497 Total views

   Abstract      Pdf Download

Related Search

By author names

Citiaion Alert By Google Scholar

Name Required
Email Required Invalid Email Address

Comment required