Research Article | Volume: 8, Issue: 1, January, 2018

In-Situ UV-Photopolymerized PVA-g-GMA Hydrogels for Biomedical Applications: I. Synthesis, Characterizations and Grafting Optimization

Elbadawy A. Kamoun Ahmed M. Omer Sherine N. Khattab Heba M. Ahmed Ali A. Elbardan   

Open Access   

Published:  Jan 28, 2018

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2018.8106
Abstract

This work explores the synthesis and grafting optimization of PVA-g-GMA hydrogels. The grafting of poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) with glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) was conducted by the trans-esterification reaction via introducing methacryloyl groups into PVA chains and glycidol was formed as by-product. The grafting reaction conditions of PVA-g-GMA e.g. GMA concentrations and reaction temperature were optimized. The kinetic parameters e.g. graft¬ing efficiency (GE) and grafting percentage (GP%) were calculated to optimize the grafting reaction, while yield (%) was determined to monitor the hydrogels formation. The instrumental characterizations e.g. 1H-NMR, FTIR, SEM and TGA/DSC, were investigated for verifying the grafting reaction. The UV-photopolymerization was used for photocrosslinking the water-soluble PVA-g-GMA using Irgacure 2959 (I2959) as a photoinitiator. Results revealed that the grafting reaction dramatically increased with increase of both GMA concentration until 0.15M and reaction temperature at 60oC. Also, the surface morphological of PVA-g-GMA freeze-dried gels was found more compacted, smooth and uniform due to the grafting process. A significant thermal stability was noticed, due to grafting reaction of PVA-g-GMA throughout TGA and DSC results. The obtained results are very promising and opening new area for conducting further investigations considering the very low price of the used UV crosslinking method compared to the chemical crosslinking method.


Keyword:     Poly(vinyl alcohol) Glycidyl methacrylate hydrogels photocrosslinking biomedical applications.


Citation:

Kamoun EA, Omer AM, Khattab SN, Ahmed HM, Elbardan AA. In-Situ UV-Photopolymerized PVA-g-GMA Hydrogels for Biomedical Applications: I. Synthesis, Characterizations and Grafting Optimization. J App Pharm Sci, 2018; 8 (01): 034-042.

Copyright: © The Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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