Research Article | Volume: 7, Issue: 12, December, 2017

Antioxidant and Antimalarial Activity of Leea indica leaf extract against Malaria-mice Model

Erma Sulistyaningsiha b Talitha Yuni Amaliaa Rizka Kartikasaria   

Open Access   

Published:  Dec 30, 2017

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2017.71223
Abstract

The increasing report on antimalarial resistance leads to the development of alternative drug from many resources. Leea indica is a medicinal plant traditionally used as an anti-malariaal agent in Indonesia. In this study we assessed the antioxidant as well as the antimalarial activity of L. indica. L. indica leaves were extracted in three different solvents (n-hexane, ethyl acetate, and methanol) and assessed for total phenolic, flavonoid and antioxidant activity. The antimalarial activity has been evaluated in malaria-mice model using the suppresive antimalarial assay. The highest fraction of total phenolic as well as total flavonoid was resulted from methanolic extract. It also demonstrated the strongest antioxidant activity with the IC50 of DPPH scavenging effect 1.62 + 0.02 g GAE/ml and the highest percentage of inhibition for hydroxyl radical, 57.60 + 2.52 %. Treatment with methanolic extract of L. indica 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg BW in malaria-mice models significantly (P < 0.05) decreased the MDA and increased the SOD level. The methanolic extract decreased parasitaemia level by 3.50 + 1.26 % on the day fourth and yielded 24.85 + 1.28 % of suppression. The L. indica leaf extract showed an antioxidant activity and could be considered as an antimalarial agent.


Keyword:     Antimalarial antioxidant Leea indica malaria-mice model.


Citation:

Sulistyaningsih E, Amalia TY, Kartikasari R. Antioxidant and Antimalarial Activity of Leea indica leaf extract against Malariamice Model. J App Pharm Sci, 2017; 7 (12): 163-168.

Copyright: © The Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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