Research Article | Volume: 7, Issue: 9, September, 2017

Methionine and Choline Deficient Diet-induced Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis in Rats: Role of Melatonin

Mohamed M. AminRania F. AhmedDalia O. Saleh   

Open Access   

Published:  Sep 30, 2017

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2017.70902
Abstract

Objective: The present study aimed to evaluate the neuro-protective and hepato-protective activity of melatonin (MLN) on non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in albino rats induced by methionine and choline deficient (MCD) diet.


Material and Methods: To achieve this aim, rats were fed MCD diet for 8 weeks to induce non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. Oral administration of MLN (10 mg/kg/day) was done for the last two consecutive weeks. Twenty-four hours after the last dose of the MLN behavioral test, namely activity cage test was performed and the activity counts were recorded. Serum AST, ALT, ALP, GGT, total/direct bilirubin and albumin were valued to assess liver function. Moreover, hepatic interleukin-6 (IL-6) as well as nuclear factor- kβ (NF-kβ) were determined. Besides, brain biomarkers viz. ammonia, nitric oxide and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) were measured which are reliable indices to assess brain damage.


Results: MLN succeeded in suppression of NASH rats’ locomotor activity. Besides; it improved all biochemical parameters and histopathological as well as proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) immunohistochemical profiles of liver and brain.


Conclusions: These results afford new intuition into the possible molecular mechanisms by which MLN faces steatohepatitis disorder, via modulation of several factors participating in the progression of this disease.


Keyword:     MelatoninNon-alcoholic steatohepatitismethionine and choline deficient diet.


Citation:

Amin MM, Ahmed RF, Saleh DO. Methionine and Choline Deficient Diet-induced Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis in Rats: Role of Melatonin on Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor. J App Pharm Sci, 2017; 7 (09): 012-019.

Copyright: © The Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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