Research Article | Volume: 7, Issue: 1, January, 2017

Physicochemical Characterization of Physical Mixture and Solid Dispersion of Diclofenac Potassium with Mannitol

Yong K. Hana Sonia N. Faudoneb Gustavo Zittob Silvina L. Bonafedea María A. Rosascoa Adriana I. Segalla   

Open Access   

Published:  Jan 31, 2017

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2017.70130

Diclofenac potassium is an anti-inflammatory agent classified as a class II drug as per the biopharmaceutical classification system (BCS). The poor dissolution rate of water-insoluble drugs is still a major problem confronting the pharmaceutical industry. There are several techniques to enhance the dissolution of poorly soluble drugs. Methods available include salt formation, micronization and addition of solvent or surface active agents. The objective of the present work is to improve the dissolution profile of diclofenac potassium by formation of a physical mixture and a solid dispersion with mannitol. The solid dispersion was prepared by solvent method using ethanol/water. As diclofenac potassium melts with decomposition, the compatibility study with mannitol was done with the acid form by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The dissolution properties and physicochemical properties of diclofenac potassium:mannitol physical mixture and solid dispersion were investigated by Powder X-ray Diffraction (PXRD), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and dissolution test. This study shows that the dissolution rate of diclofenac potassium can be enhanced considerably by formulating it with mannitol, as a physical mixture or as a solid dispersion although crystallinity was maintained.

Keyword:     Diclofenac potassium mannitol solid dispersion physical mixture dissolution profile crystallinity.


Han YK, Faudone SN, Zitto G, Bonafede SL, Rosasco MA, Segall AI. Physicochemical Characterization of Physical Mixture and Solid Dispersion of Diclofenac Potassium with Mannitol. J App Pharm Sci, 2017; 7 (01): 204-208.

Copyright:The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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