Research Article | Volume: 6, Issue: 11, November, 2016

Evaluation of proximate composition, bioactive lignans and volatile composition of Schisandra chinensis fruits from Inje and Mungyeong, Republic of Korea

Kandhasamy Sowndhararajan Taehee Kim Heeyeon Kim Songmun Kim   

Open Access   

Published:  Nov 29, 2016

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2016.601101
Abstract

The present study aimed to determine the proximate composition, mineral content, active ingredients (schisandrin, schisandrin A, gomisin A and gomisin N) and volatile composition of Schinsandra chinensis fruits collected from Inje and Mungyeong, two major cultivating areas in Republic of Korea. The bioactive ingredients were determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The volatile composition of the supercritical carbon dioxide extracts (SFE) from the fruits of S. chinensis was determined by solid phase microextraction (SPME) - gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The proximate composition was found to be higher in Mungyeong than Inje samples. The minerals such as Mn, Ca and P were higher in the samples obtained from Inje when compared with Mungyeong. The active ingredients such as schisandrin (5018.67 µg/g), gomisin N (4772.87 µg/g) and schisandrin A (717.18 µg/g) were found to be higher level in Mungyeong samples with the exception of gomisin A. The SPME–GC/MS analysis revealed the identification of 40 components from each place, representing 97.22% (Inje) and 96.81% (Mungyeong) of the SFE. Ylangane, α-himachalene, longipinene and italicene were detected as the major components in the SFE. In conclusion, Inje and Mungyeong are the suitable places to collect S. chinensis fruits with higher level of nutrient and chemical contents.


Keyword:     Omija Schisandra chinensis Schisandrin Supercritical fluid extract Volatile.


Citation:

Sowndhararajan K, Kim TH, Kim H, Kim S. Evaluation of proximate composition,bioactive lignansand volatile composition of Schisandra chinensis fruitsfrom Inje and Mungyeong, Republic of Korea. J App Pharm Sci, 2016; 6 (11): 001-008.

Copyright:The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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