Research Article | Volume: 6, Issue: 8, August, 2016

Comparative analysis of the composition of essential oils from the needles, twigs and berries of Juniperus chinensis L. in Korea

Kandhasamy Sowndhararajan Min Seo Songmun Kim   

Open Access   

Published:  Aug 30, 2016

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2016.60819
Abstract

The essential oil constituents from the needles, twigs and berries of Juniperus chinensis from Korea were investigated by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The essential oils from the different plant parts were obtained by steam distillation and the yields were 0.34, 0.11 and 0.12% (v/w), respectively. The GC-MS analysis revealed the identification of 36 different components from needles, twigs and berries, which were mostly monoterpene hydrocarbons (42.05-48.15%) followed by oxygenated monoterpenes (28.53-39.92%).Among the 36 components, 17 components were identified in all the three essential oils. The components such as bornyl acetate (2.85 – 20.70%), sabinene (10.23 – 18.13%), α-pinene (5.80 – 16.26%), terpinen-4-ol (5.98 – 31.10%), limonene (3.98 – 6.96%), β-pinene (3.05 – 4.39%), γ-terpinene (2.24 – 8.36%), α-elemol (1.74 – 4.77%) and α-cadinol (2.49 – 3.39%) were detected as the major components in the essential oils from the three different parts of J. chinensis. The main differences between the three essential oils can be referred to terpinen-4-ol and bornyl acetate. The essential oil of the berries contained the highest level of terpinen-4-ol (31.10%) than needles (7.51%) and twigs (5.98%). On the other hand, bornyl acetate content was very less in berries (2.85%) when compared with twigs (20.70%) and needles (16.43%).


Keyword:     Berry Essential oil Juniper Juniperus chinensis Needle.


Citation:

Sowndhararajan K, Seo M, Kim S. Comparative analysis of the composition of essential oils from the needles, twigs and berries of Juniperus chinensis L. in Korea. J App Pharm Sci, 2016; 6 (08): 122-126.

Copyright:The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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