Research Article | Volume: 6, Issue: 5, May, 2016

Lipid Profile of the Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) Patients Admitted in a Hospital in Malaysia

ATM Emdadul Haque Fatimah Binti Mohammed Yusoff Mohd Haidir Syawalstri Bin Ariffin Muhammad Fadhli Bin Ab Hamid Siti Raihana Binti Hashim Mainul Haque   

Open Access   

Published:  May 28, 2016

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2016.60521
Abstract

Coronary Heart Disease refers to a group of closely related syndrome caused by imbalance between the myocardial oxygen demand and the blood supply. It is the single most common cause of death in economically developed countries, including the United States and Europe. Hypercholesterolemia is considered as one of the most common modifiable risk factors of CHD. Men are more commonly affected than women until the fifth decade, after which time the frequency of CHD is similar in both sexes. Other risk factors are hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and smoking. This was a cross-sectional study in demonstrating the pattern of the lipid profile (Total Cholesterol (TC); Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL-C); High Density Lipoprotein (HDL-C) and Triglyceride levels (TG) among the CHD patients admitted in the hospital. Most of the CHD patients had the total cholesterol level high, and among them 25.6% were Malay. Malays were the highest in the optimal range (< 3.0mmol/L) with 20.9% and HDL level within the normal range (1.2-1.8mmol/L) by 22.2% (34). Most of the CHD patients had the TG level within normal range (<1.5mmol/L) but among them 19.9% were Malays. This study had demonstrated that Malays were mostly affected by heart disease (HD) followed by Chinese and Indians, and the incidence was twice as high as in men compared to women.


Keyword:     Coronary heart disease lipid profile risk factors.


Citation:

Haque ATME, Yusoff FBM, Ariffin MHS, Hamid MF, Hashim SRB, Haque M. Lipid Profile of the Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) Patients Admitted in a Hospital in Malaysia. J App Pharm Sci, 2016; 6 (05): 137-142.

Copyright:The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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