Research Article | Volume: 6, Issue: 5, May, 2016

Antifungal activity of essential oil from the fruits of Ammodaucus leucotrichus Coss. & Dur., in liquid and vapour phase against postharvest phytopathogenic fungi in apples

M. Manssouri M. Znini A. El Harrak L. Majidi   

Open Access   

Published:  May 28, 2016

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2016.60520
Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the antifungal activity of essential oil (EO) from Ammodaucus leucotrichus fruits against three phytopathogenic fungi causing the deterioration for apples, including Botrytis cinerea, Penicillium expansum and Rhizopus stolonifer by using the poisoned food (PF) and the volatile activity (VA) methods. The antifungal test results indicated that the EO displayed significant potential of antifungal activity against the tested phytopathogenic fungi (p<0.05). In PF technique, the MICs (minimums inhibitory concentrations) were 0.5 µL/mL for B. cinerea and P. expansum and 1 µL/mL for R. stolonifer. Whereas, in VA assay, the complete inhibition of the mycelial growth of B. cinerea and P. expansum was observed at MIC= 0.125 µL/mL air, and that of R. stolonifer was observed at MIC = 0.25 µL/mL air. The overall results suggest that A. leucotrichus essential oil have a potential as antifungal preservatives for the control of postharvest diseases of apple.


Keyword:     Ammodaucus leucotrichus Essential oil Antifungal activity Phytopathogenic fungi Apple.


Citation:

Manssouri M, Znini M, El-Harrak A, Majidi L. Antifungal activity of essential oil from the fruits of Ammodaucus leucotrichus Coss. & Dur., in liquid and vapour phase against postharvest phytopathogenic fungi in apples. J App Pharm Sci, 2016; 6 (05): 131-136.

Copyright:The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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