Research Article | Volume: 6, Issue: 2, February, 2016

Free radical scavenging ability of Ximenia americana L. stem bark and leaf extracts

Valdiléia Teixeira Uchôa Cleyton Marcos Melo Sousa Adonias Almeida Carvalho Antônio Euzébio Goulard Sant’Ana Mariana Helena Chaves   

Open Access   

Published:  Feb 27, 2016

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2016.60213

Phytochemical investigation of the ethanol extract of stem bark and leaves of Ximenia americana L. revealed the presence of epicatechin and quercetin, respectively. This is the first report of the occurrence of epicatechin in this genus. The extracts, fractions and isolated compounds of X. americana were subjected to an in vitro antioxidant activity assay by the DPPH method (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl). The EC50 values were calculated and the results indicate that the ethyl acetate fractions of the stem bark and leaves have high antioxidant activity and a high content of total phenols. The high antioxidant activity of these fractions is justified by the presence of epicatechin and quercetin.

Keyword:     Ximenia americana antioxidant DPPH epicatechin Quercetin.


Uchôa VT, Sousa CMM, Carvalho AA, Sant’Ana AEG, Chaves MH. Free radical scavenging ability of Ximenia americana L. stem bark and leaf extracts. J App Pharm Sci, 2016; 6 (02): 091-096.

Copyright:The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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