Research Article | Volume : 1 Issue : 6, August 2011

Interpenetrating polymer network of cross-linked blend microspheres for controlled release of Acebutolol HCl

P. Ramakrishna B. Mallikarjuna A. Chandra Babu P. Sudhakar K. Chowdoji Rao M.C.S. Subha   

Open Access   

Abstract

Carbohydrate polymeric blend microspheres consisting of chitosan (CS) and poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) were prepared by water-in-oil (W/O) emulsion method. These microspheres were crosslinked with glutaraldehyde and loaded with Acebutolol HCl, an anti hypertensive drug. The microspheres were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), X-Ray diffraction (X-RD) and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM).The FTIR spectroscopy explains the crosslinking between the CS-PVA. DSC& X-RD indicated the molecular level distribution of Acebutolol HCl drug in the polymer matrix. The SEM of the microspheres suggested the formation of spherical particles. Swelling experiments on the microspheres provided important information on drug diffusion properties. Release data have been analyzed using an empirical equation to understand the nature of transport of drug containing solution through the polymeric matrices. The controlled release characteristic of the matrices for Acebutolol HCl was investigated in pH 7.4 media. The results indicate that the drug was released in a controlled manner up to 10 h.


Keyword:     Chitosan (CS) Poly (Vinyl alcohol) (PVA) microspheres Acebutolol HCl drug delivery blend crosslinking.


Copyright:The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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