Research Article | Volume: 4, Issue: 8, August, 2014

Carotene content of coriander leaves (Coriandrum sativum), Amaranth, Red (Amaranthus Sp, Green garlic (Allium sativum) and Mogri (Raphanus caudatus) and its products

Vanisha S. Nambiar and Monica Sharma   

Open Access   

Published:  Aug 27, 2014

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2014.40814
Abstract

Food based approach is a more practical and sustainable approach to combat micronutrient deficiencies including vitamin A deficiency in India. However several gaps of knowledge with respect to the stability of β- carotene from foods and therefore its bioavailability exist. The present study aimed to assess the total and beta- carotene content of 4 vegetables (Coriandum sativum), Amaranth, Red (Amaranthus sp); Green garlic (Allium Sativum) and Mogri (Raphanus caudatus); and study the stability of beta carotene using minimal processing and addition of weak acids from foods, and product development using of coriander leaves. Results indicate that among the four vegetables, beta-carotene content of coriander was highest (2921.79 μg / 100 g) and lowest for mogri (425.15μg/100g). When coriander leaves were macerated alone in an electric mixer grinder and with green chilies, lemon or both, retention of beta carotene was 72.3%, 149.81%, 98.2%, and 182% resp. indicating the enhancing effects of green chillies and lemon juice of β- carotene retention. The fresh coriander leaves when incorporated into a recipe retained 75.47% of total carotene and 74.185 of β- carotene and was found to be highly acceptable using the composite score and hedonic test. The study indicates that minimal processing and usage of green chillies and lime in carotene rich foods enhance its retention. Efforts should be directed towards development of acceptable recipes incorporating green leafy vegetables and thereby resulting in an increased intake of β-carotene rich indigenous foods.


Keyword:     Carotene retention processing coriander leaves (Coriandrum sativum) Amaranth Red (Amaranthus Sp Green garlic (Allium sativum) and Mogri (Raphanus caudatus) product development food based approa


Citation:

Vanisha S Nambiar, Monika Sharma. Carotene content of coriander leaves (Coriandrum sativum), Amaranth, Red (Amaranthus Sp, Green garlic (Allium sativum) and Mogri (Raphanus caudatus) and its products. J App Pharm Sci, 2014; 4 (08): 069-074.

Copyright:The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

HTML Full Text

Reference

Article Metrics
425 Views 18 Downloads 443 Total

Year

Month

Related Search

By author names