Review Article | Volume: 4, Issue: 3, March, 2014

Ginkgo biloba: A ‘living fossil’ with modern day phytomedicinal applications

Abdulmumin A. Nuhu   

Open Access   

Published:  Feb 27, 2014

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2014.40319

Ginkgo biloba has survived for over 200 million years now. With other members of this gymnosperm extinct, it is considered as a ‘living fossil’. Yinxing, as it is called in Chinese, is very popular in East Asia as a remedy for lung congestion, ischemia and asthma. In modern day medical practice, growing consideration is given to the extract from this tree as a line of treatment in many cancer conditions partly due to the side effects of conventional drugs of therapy. The extract has also anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory and cardio- and hepatoprotective roles. These and other numerous recent applications of this important botanical drug are discussed in this review.

Keyword:     Ginkgo biloba EGb 761 Phytomedicinal applications Botanical drug.


Abdulmumin A. Nuhu., Ginkgo biloba: A ‘living fossil’ with modern day phytomedicinal applications. J App Pharm Sci. 2014; 4 (03): 096-103.

Copyright:The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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