Research Article | Volume: 4, Issue: 1, January, 2014

Chemical Composition and Locomotors Activity of Essential Oils from the Rhizome, Stem, and Leaf of Alpinia malaccencis (Burm F.) of Indonesian Spices

Muchtaridi Muchtaridi Ida Musfiroh Anas Subarnas Ikhsan Rambia Hokcu Suganda M. Enas Nasrudin   

Open Access   

Published:  Jan 30, 2014

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2014.40108
Abstract

The essential oils of three parts of the plant Alpinia malaccencis (Burm f.) (Zingiberaceae) collected from Sumedang, West Java Province has been studied. Determination of essential oil components from the rhizome, stem, and leaf of Alpinia malaccencis (Burm f.) was performed by confirmation of the linear retention index (LRI) and comparing the NIST library peak with data reported in the literature, the mass spectrum peaks with literature data. The essential oils obtained from rhizome, stem, and leaf of Alpinia malaccencis (Burm f.) by steam distillation was 1.22%, 0.25%, and 0.7%, (w/w), respectively. Rhizome oil composition was almost similar with stem oil with methyl cinnamate as the major component. Composition of leaf oil is different from rhizome and stem oil which dominated α-pinene (30.57%). The rhizome in doses 0.1 ml (47.09 %) had stronger locomotor inhibition activity compare than stem (26.97 %) and leaf oils (32.23 %) in doses 0.1 mL.


Keyword:     Alpinia malaccencis (Burm f.) methyl cinnamate LRI and α-pinene 1.8-cineole.


Citation:

Muchtaridi Muchtaridi, Ida Musfiroh, Anas Subarnas, Ikhsan Rambia, Hokcu Suganda, M. Enas Nasrudin. Chemical Composition and Locomotors Activity of Essential Oils from the Rhizome, Stem, and Leaf of Alpinia malaccencis (Burm F.) of Indonesian Spices. J App Pharm Sci, 2014; 4 (01): 052-056.

Copyright:The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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