Research Article | Volume: 3, Issue: 9, September, 2013

Biochemical Effects of Some Peroxisome Proliferator Activated Receptor Ligands in Hyperhomocysteinemic-rats

Ghada M. Al-Ashmawy Hoda A. El-Bahrawy Nahla E. El-Ashmawy   

Open Access   

Published:  Sep 30, 2013

DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2013.3907
Abstract

Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) is implicated in peripheral vascular, cerebrovascular and coronary heart disease. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of pioglitazone (PPAR-γ agonist) and gemfibrozil (PPAR-α agonist), either alone or in combination, in HHcy-rats. HHcy was induced by keeping rats on high methionine diet (8% w/w) for 6 weeks. Rats were divided into two major groups; normal fed rats and methionine overload rats. Each group was further subdivided into four subgroups: a) control group, b) pioglitazone (10 mg/kg), c) gemfibrozil (100 mg/kg), and d) combination of the chosen PPAR ligands. The drugs were given orally daily for consecutive six weeks. The results showed that the great reduction of HHcy was obtained by the drug combination. Induction of HHcy in rats resulted in elevation of LDL-cholesterol and suppression of HDL-cholesterol. Hepatic paraoxonase-1 activity was inhibited in all HHcy-rat groups. RT-PCR for liver cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) showed marked expression in HHcy-rats, which was attenuated by treatment with PPAR agonists. RT-PCR for cystathionine β-synthase (CBS) showed positive expression in all HHcy-rat groups except that treated with combination of PPAR ligands. These results suggest that pioglitazone-gemfibrozil combination showed ameliorative effect on hyperhomocysteinemia and its consequences in rats.


Keyword:     Hyperhomocysteinemia Pioglitazone Gemfibrozil Nitric Oxide Paraoxonase COX-2 Cystathionine β-synthase.


Citation:

Ghada M. Al-Ashmawy, Hoda A. El-Bahrawy, Nahla E. ElAshmawy. Biochemical Effects of Some Peroxisome Proliferator Activated Receptor Ligands in Hyperhomocysteinemic-rats. J App Pharm Sci, 2013; 3 (09): 036-042.

Copyright:The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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